Factors Affecting Interaction in a Distance Education via Video Conferencing
Keywords: video-conferencing, distance education, interaction
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Appendix A. Interaction Observation Form
INTERACTION OBSERVATION FORM DATE:
Type of Interaction I-C I-S S-I S-S Social Procedural Expository Explanatory Cognitive
The following explanations have been made in the study of Oliver and McLoughlin (1997) as for the types of
interaction in the form of interaction observation form.
Appendix B.Interaction Observation Form Type of Interaction Example Social
Teacher-student talk establishing and developing rapport
T: HelloSally, how areyou?
T: Great tohearfromyou; whatareyougoingto do for us? Procedural
Teacher-student dialogue involving
information exchange on course
requirements and procedures
S: Mr. Gray, can youtell me how
manypagesyouwant us towrite?
T: I’m lookingforabout 2 pages in total.
S: Can weuse a topic of ourownchoice? Expository
Student or teacher demonstrating knowledge
or skill in response to a direct request from another
T: Can anyonetell me how we say, “Today it is warm”? S: Samuidesu?
T: Not quite, it is… Explanatory
Teacher using student responses to explain
knowledge and develop content
T: This is how we ask thatquestion in Japanese…
Sally, can younow ask yourquestion?
S: Sallyasks her question…
T: Great Sally, but didyourememberto… John,
willyouplease ask yourquestion? Cognitive
Teacher providing constructive feedback to a
student to reflect and to consider an
T: Can youtell me whatyouthinkwasthe main
reasonfor his actions?
S: He wasangryandwantedtogeteven.
T: But wasthatall_ Whatabout his wishtoimprove
S: I suppose he did but I thoughtthat he
wouldhavedone it differently.
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